Publication Ethics

Education Horizon is committed to upholding the highest ethical standards in publication. To ensure the quality and integrity of our journal, we adhere to the following Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statements, adopted from COPE Guidelines. Any articles not adhering to these standards may be removed from publication even after initial publication. In accordance with our ethical code, we report any suspected cases of plagiarism or duplicate publication to the relevant authorities. We reserve the right to employ plagiarism detection software at any time. The editorial board, authors, and reviewers must fully embrace good publishing practices and accept the following responsibilities:

Editor's Responsibilities:
- Fair Play: Editors evaluate manuscripts solely based on intellectual content, without discrimination related to race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, nationality, or political beliefs of the authors.
- Confidentiality: Editors and editorial staff must not disclose information about submitted manuscripts to anyone except relevant authors, reviewers, prospective reviewers, other editorial advisors, and appropriate publishers.
- Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Editors must not use unpublished material from submitted manuscripts in their own research without written consent from the author.
- Publication Decisions: The editorial board decides which articles are suitable for publication based on the work's validation and importance to researchers and readers. Decisions are guided by the journal's editorial board and comply with legal requirements concerning defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. Editors may seek advice from other editors or reviewers when making publication decisions.
- Reviews of Manuscripts: Editors ensure the initial evaluation of manuscript originality. They regulate and use peer review fairly, indicating which journal sections peer reviewers assess. Editors select peer reviewers with expertise and avoid conflicts of interest.

Reviewer’s Responsibilities:
- Confidentiality: Reviewers must maintain confidentiality regarding submitted manuscripts and not share them without permission.
- Acknowledgement of Sources: Reviewers ensure that authors acknowledge all data sources and relevant publications. They identify unpublished work not cited by the authors. Any previous reporting of observations, derivations, or arguments must be properly cited.
- Standards of Objectivity: Reviews must be conducted objectively, with clear views and supporting arguments. Reviewers provide constructive feedback to help authors improve their manuscripts.
- Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Reviewers do not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest arising from competition, collaboration, or any other relationship with the author, company, or institution connected to the paper. If reviewers suspect the author's identity in a double-blind review, they inform the editorial board if this creates a potential conflict of interest.
- Promptness: Reviewers respond within the stipulated timeframe and promptly notify the journal if an extension is required.

Author's Responsibilities:
- Reporting Standards: Authors must present an accurate account of original research, discussing its significance objectively and honestly. Researchers must avoid fabricating, falsifying, or manipulating data. Manuscripts should provide sufficient detail and references for replication.
- Originality and Plagiarism: Authors must ensure their work is entirely original, not simultaneously submitted to multiple publications unless co-publishing is agreed upon. Authors must acknowledge and reference previous works, whether their own or others', and avoid plagiarism.
- Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications: Authors should not submit the same manuscript to multiple journals or publish redundant work. They must clearly identify publications arising from the same research.
- Acknowledgement of Sources: Authors must acknowledge all data sources and influential publications.
- Authorship of the Paper: Authors must accurately represent individual contributions. Authorship should be limited to those significantly contributing to conception, design, conduct, or interpretation of research. Major contributors are listed as authors; others with less substantial or technical contributions are acknowledged.
- Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Authors must disclose financial or substantive conflicts of interest potentially affecting results or interpretation.
- Fundamental Errors: Authors promptly notify the editor if significant errors are identified and collaborate on retractions or corrections.
- Hazards and Subjects: Authors clearly indicate hazardous materials, procedures, or equipment and identify involvement with human or animal subjects in their manuscript.

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